Fire and Smoke Containment
iDAStech® fire and smoke containment systems prevent the movement of fire and smoke from one area to another. These take the form of physical barriers either as doors or curtains.
The function of the smoke barrier is to control the movement of hot smoke and toxic gases within a building by forming a barrier. The functions of active smoke barriers are identical to those of static smoke barriers, except that the active smoke barriers have the ability to be retracted and concealed when not in use.
Typical Functions of Smoke Barriers
1. To create a smoke reservoir by containing and limiting the travel of smoke
2. To channel smoke in controlled manner
3. To prevent smoke entry to another area or void
Types of Smoke Barriers
● Static smoke barriers (SSB)
● Active smoke barriers (ASB)
A wide range of different materials may be used to create smoke barriers. Typical materials used for smoke barriers include:
| fabric | metal | glass | fire-resisting board | fibreglass | mineral wool
Applications of Smoke Barriers
A. Smoke reservoir boundaries
B. Channelling screens
C. Void edge screens
As their application becomes more widespread, it is inevitable they will be put to wider variety of uses. Within the scope of its standard, smoke barriers can contain smoke and gases up to 600° C but are not intended to perform the same function as fire barriers, unless they meet additional temperature requirements.
Smoke detectors are the first line of defense against smoke and fire. They provide an early warning, alerting individuals of a fire, allowing them precious time to escape.